After fooling around with other methods, we finally accepted the advice I got on the Wicket IRC channel and used Terracotta to cluster our Wicket-based apps running under Jetty. It turned out to be straightforward to implement. The first thing to do was to add the Terracotta dependencies to our pom.xml. [sourcecode language=”xml”] org.terracotta.session terracotta-session 1.1.1 org.terracotta terracotta-toolkit-1.1-runtime 2.0.0 [/sourcecode] Then you just need to add a Terracotta filter to the jetty WebAppContext as follows: [sourcecode language=”java”] FilterHolder tcFilterHolder = new FilterHolder(TerracottaJetty61xSessionFilter.class); tcFilterHolder.setInitParameter(“tcConfigUrl”, “terracotta:9510,terracotta2:9510”); context.addFilter(tcFilterHolder, “/*”, Handler.ALL); [/sourcecode] That’s it. Terracotta will cluster the session (in the example we’re using two terracotta servers called “terracotta” and “terracotta2” – a main server and a standby). We’re using a HAProxy load-balancer with[…]

We are now deploying to our staging servers from our Maven repository using wget (the url is like ‘http://maven:8080/nexus/service/local/artifact/maven/redirect? r=snapshots&g=com.armstrongconsulting.controlcenter.server &a=controlcenterwebapp&v=LATEST&e=jar&c=jar-with-dependencies’.). The runnable jars (or wars) in the Maven repository are built, unit-tested and deployed to Maven by Continuum automatically. If any errors are found, the developer who made the offending commit to SVN is informed by Continuum. Works great, highly recommended. Thanks to Gabriel for setting it all up.

Our first approach was to create a DefaultFocusBehavior (as described by Julian Sinai) and attach it to the component which should receive the focus. The problem with this is that after a validation error during a submit, you usually want the focus to jump to the first invalid field, so the user can easily correct his erroneous input. The problem with the DefaultFocusBehavior is that the component to which you added it still has it and will try to grab the focus again. We created two methods for handling focus in our BasePage class (from which all of our application pages are inherited) – setFocus and setFocusToFirstInvalidComponent. The first one is called during page initialization and the second on validation[…]

I needed to validate a list of email addresses entered into a Wicket text area (a cc: list of email addresses). To do this, I created a simple form validator which breaks up the list from the text area into individual email addresses and then uses the EmailAddressValidator to validate them individually. It illustrates a few Wicket techniques: (a) how to validate a field containing several values which need to be validated individually and (b) how to use a Validator against a string instead of a form component. Anyway, here’s the code in case its of use to anyone.

To use it, add it to the form as follows:

We just started using JRebel on a wicket project with hibernate and Spring. JRebel (formerly known as JavaRebel) provides true hot-swap development under Eclipse – i.e. you never have to republish and wait for hibernate and Spring to reload everything – whenever you save a class JRebel notices and simply reloads the class into the JVM. This greatly increases productivity on larger projects and, perhaps more importantly, removes a major annoyance factor relative to other languages which handle this better. Installation was a bit confusing because JRebel does not watch for changed classes in the directory where Eclipse puts them by default (at least that was the case for our installation of Eclipse on Mac OS X). To workaround this,[…]

Labels for checkboxes weren’t working as I expected in wicket panels (i.e. when I clicked the label, the checkbox didn’t react). Looking at the output html I saw that the id of the checkbox had been changed by wicket, so the “label for” was no longer associated with the checkbox. The solution was to use the label without the for (and nest the checkbox within the label tag). Instead of:


We were wondering how to use Hibernate annotations to automatically create constraints (HTML “maxlength”) and validators (required fields, string length validation). After searching around, I found a wicket behavior for this in wicket-stuff from Ryan Sonnek. It was in wicket-stuff 1.3 and apparently had been removed from 1.4. Anyway, I patched it up a bit to make it work in wicket 1.4 and here it is (I also took the liberty of renaming it to AnnotatedConstraintBehavior in case we wanted to use it for annotations other than hibernate):

To use it, you’ll need to have @Length(min=x,max=y) and/or @NotNull hibernate annotations on your objects. The behavior will find these in component models and react accordingly, adding the maxlength attributes to[…]

I implemented a simple extension of the wicket PasswordTextField which provides you with an indication of the strength of the entered password (using regular expressions and returning “empty”, “weak”, “medium” or “strong”). Strong means at least 7 characters with mixed alphanumeric and non-alphanumeric characters. Medium means at least 6 characters with mixed alpha and non-alpha characters. Originally I intended to make it a panel with a visual indicator (the usual spectrum from red through yellow to green), but then I figured that allowing the caller to make the styling decisions is better (if you want to display a spectrum, then add images to your styles and set the style on the component using an AttributeModifier – come to think of it, maybe I’ll do another[…]

Hibernate’s setting allows you to create, update, and validate a database schemas based on the mapping configuration. The create & update settings are great in development environments, since they will ensure your database schema will always be in sync with your model. We would not recommend these settings in an production environment because, there we need to have more fine grained control over database updates (hbm2ddl is too “magical” for production). Additionally, there may be updates to the data which cannot be handled by Hibernate’s implementation (e.g. content-related updates rather than structural). Some people would say, “such database updates should not be done by the application, but rather by the database administrator”. However, for most applications, you want[…]

Many of our applications require scripting support (allowing users to create scripts to customize workflow within the application). Java provides very straightforward scripting via the javax.script script-engine library. A simple integration is shown below where a Javascript onSave method provided by the user is called, if available, passing a business-logic object “item”:

Note: the javax.script library supports multiple scripting engines including javascript, python, groovy and java. Javascript was the easiest to get working because the Rhino Javascript engine is included in JDK 6.